What Makes Catalhoyuk Special?

What is special about Catal huyuk?

Catal Huyuk, in Anatolia, is the best example of an early neolithic town where the transition to a fully settled existence has been satisfactorily achieved.

Food is produced by agriculture, with the cultivation of wheat and barley, and by the breeding of cattle..

What does Catal huyuk mean?

chä-täl’hœ-yük’ Filters. An archaeological site in south-central Turkey southeast of Konya. It contains well-preserved ruins of a large Neolithic settlement.

Why is catalhoyuk so important?

Çatalhöyük provides important evidence of the transition from settled villages to urban agglomeration, which was maintained in the same location for over 2,000 years. It features a unique streetless settlement of houses clustered back to back with roof access into the buildings.

What was found at catalhoyuk?

Many figurines have been found at the site, the most famous of which illustrates a large woman seated on or between two large felines. The figurines, which illustrate both humans and animals, are made from a variety of materials but the largest proportion are quite small and made of barely fired clay.

Why did Catal huyuk end?

Catal Huyuk was abandoned about 5,000 BC. Nobody knows why but it may have been due to climate change. Catal Huyuk was then forgotten for thousands of years till it was rediscovered by James Mellaart in 1958. He began excavating Catal Huyuk in 1961.

How long did Catal huyuk exist?

9,000 yearsCatal Huyuk is one of the oldest towns ever found by archaeologists, dating back more than 9,000 years. While only having been excavated sporadically over the past 100 years, the site has given historians and archaeologists great insights into how humanity first decided to settle into towns.

What did the Catal huyuk eat?

The people of Çatalhöyük ate a range of animal products, including meat obtained from domesticated sheep/goats, wild cattle, small and large game, and to a more limited extent, eggs and waterfowl.

What is the oldest Neolithic settlement?

Çatalhöyük lies at the western end of the Fertile Crescent, the area in which farming settlements first appeared at the dawn of the Neolithic period. From 13,000 B.C., the Natufian people had gathered grain and founded early villages, including a site near modern-day Jericho.

Who found Catal huyuk?

James MellaartThe site was first excavated by James Mellaart in 1958. He later led a team which further excavated there for four seasons between 1961 and 1965.

What happened Catal huyuk?

Catal Huyuk was abandoned about 5,000 BC. Nobody knows why but it may have been due to climate change. Catal Huyuk was then forgotten for thousands of years till it was rediscovered by James Mellaart in 1958. … When someone died in Çatalhöyük, they were often buried inside the family’s home, usually under the floor.

What is catalhoyuk religion?

Catal Huyuk not only was the “first religious designed city”, it was also a “city of equality” where women and men held equal status. Çatalhöyük was a very large Neolithic and Chalcolithic proto-city settlement in southern Anatolia, which existed from approximately 7500 BC to 5700 BC, and flourished around 7000 BC.

What was Catal huyuk best known for?

Catal Huyuk (Çatalhöyük, Turkish for Forked Mound) is one of the largest and best-preserved Neolithic settlements known to archaeologists. … Apart from the murals discovered on walls throughout the settlement, a number of religious figurines were scattered throughout the settlement.

Why was catalhoyuk abandoned?

Researchers believe the very process of digging for clay changed the river’s drainage and eventually its course, which may have contributed to the abandonment of what they call the East Mound for the nearby West Mound around 6000 B.C. It’s evidence that suggests humans at Çatalhöyük — and possibly elsewhere — were …

Why were the dead buried in the floor?

Burial practices reflected the beliefs of Neolithic society concerning death, which was not considered as simply a form of sleep continued inside the house of the dead, beneath the floor where their kinship continued their activities.

What does Neolithic mean?

New Stone AgeNeolithic, also called New Stone Age, final stage of cultural evolution or technological development among prehistoric humans. … The Neolithic followed the Paleolithic Period, or age of chipped-stone tools, and preceded the Bronze Age, or early period of metal tools.